Today there are more than 3.2 crore cases pending in high court and lower court in India and mine is one among them. I never knew the meaning of law and justice till I knocked the doors of the court. To my surprise experts are still not able to define ‘Law’ despite brainstorming sessions of centuries. They could only say – law is what law it is and ‘It is what it is’. Those unhappy with the frequent irrationality of law like me say – law is a jealous mistress and law is a absolute mockery. Looking to the complicated nature of laws sometimes I feel law is Greek. One more concept is that law itself is blind hence, those who implement law need a deeper insight for proper application to achieve right results and proper justice.
The goddess of law and justice has also been depicted with blind folded eyes. The lady justice has her eyes covered, has a scale in her hand and holds sword in the other. However, her ears are open to listen to both the parties and perceive the facts of the case without any subjective intervention. This depiction of the statue with bind folded eyes is purposeful and this acquired blindness has a meaning. Judges should not judge by seeing things with their own eyes. In that case, they may behave like a witness and such an attitude may bring subjectivity. They are required to do justice after hearing the parties. Hearing is for impartiality and seeing is subjectivity as per the genesis of justice. But I wonder do judges understand the meaning of this justice lady or they are blind folded with their flattering ego and power.
One more perception about law is that no law can be so adequate which can perceive and comprehend all probable situations and the complexity of human nature. Different justifications for different situations make it impossible for any law to be universally acceptable as just and reasonable. It is for the judges to decide which side weighs heavier as per the merits of the case. Judges are humans and it is possible for humans to err and subjectivity can enhance the error hence this concept of objectivity has been imbibed. And most of the times the error is too costly for the person who is innocent and not guilty.
Delay in delivery of Justice and its repercussions
Let us first understand what is the meaning of this saying — Justice delayed is justice denied. Justice should be delivered at the right time. If it is not delivered at the right time, it either may lose importance or may become meaningless. Justice is denied when there is an inordinate delay. Let us understand what in meant by inordinate delay. It means that any delay which does not convince any man of normal prudence about delivery at a proper time, is a delay. Avoiding delay does not mean rushing for justice. Undue haste may also be denial of justice. It is therefore said that ‘Justice rushed is justice crushed.’ But most often justice is rushed when the judges are bribed and is delayed too for the same reasons.
Let us first take an example of a civil case regarding delays in delivery of justice – Suppose a case for a claim by an old man is pending. If the claim is not awarded at the right time, he may die natural death in some time due to age. Any delivery of justice after his death will be meaningless for him.
We may take another example of a young man fighting for possession of his workplace. He may lose work and can be rendered without employment for a longer time and gets frustrated. Nation has killed the enthusiasm of a young man and may be he renders himself as a hopeless case himself.
Let us take two examples of criminal cases. We may take one example of delay. The offender gets bail and is enjoying life as usual and may case threats to the life of the witnesses. A rape victim gets mentally tortured when she finds that the rapist is enjoying the loopholes of law and procedure and she loses hope. Many such victims have committed suicide. Justice delivery after her death is meaningless for her.
Take one more example of a lady fighting a custody case to meet her son and the time taken is so long that by the time justice is been given the child is capable enough to look after the parents and his childhood is lost.
Why Justice gets always or say most of the time delayed?
There are many reasons for inordinate delays in justice delivery system. The first is that the whole system has been inherited from the British system which takes long time in following the procedures. A close look at the Civil Procedure Code is a marvelous example of the procedures followed before the actual decision comes. It has a very complex and lengthy procedure which invites excuses for delay and scopes for revisions for minor deviations at various stages. Secondly, the infrastructure is not properly equipped to take care of the elaborate procedures. Thirdly, India has a very low ratio of judges as compared to the ratio of population of the western countries whereas we have adopted the western legal culture. Fourthly, the accountability of the judges at all levels is not adequately defined and ensured.
Besides these, there are many reasons that cause one or the other delay in delivery of justice to the affected. Many of the litigants still await justice to be delivered while for some the ‘decision’ by the court might lose every meaning, as it no longer can be rewarding for them.
Justice should be expedited not hurried
Series of discussions and brainstorming take place in every country across the globe to find ways to speed up the justice delivery system. Some of the significant outcomes of deliberations are being implemented while a lot of improvement needs to be done. What is left over is a hope that Justice will be done, and we live in that hope and die in that hope.
There’re several of things in the industry which require being processed with legitimacy. The transactions of corporate must always follow the lawful procedures to prevent the conflicts between the companies or persons involved – real estates, contracts, finances, etc. So because of this, the lawyers of the corporate law play very significant role and that could be a reason why corporation entitles not only get advice from the lawyers of this business outside however they hire these lawyers of corporate law being the permanent members of the business and do their job as the portion of the legal counsel.
The lawyers of the corporate law work to settle down many excellent issues of the business, in this article we will discuss on the subject of these issues, some of these are mentioned below.
Commencing the corporation involves several of legal procedures, comprising securing the business permit, establishing the concrete policy of this company, leasing and the other real estate agreement and many further. The lawyer of corporate law great helps the business to work out these issues efficiently.
The lawyer of corporate law can subside compensation associated problems between the business and the workers, he or she looks to this that the corporation entity doesn’t disobey some law governing benefits of compensation for its workers and at similar time she makes sure that these compensation aren’t abused that can be lethal for a business itself when these are not solved properly.
It engages combating the monetary decisions, examine of the business acquisition, economical operation of this corporation which comprises raising cash for the many different business ventures or the projects. As complicated as this is, the lawyer of this corporate law can play the very significant role in approximately all legalities engaged in approximately the whole set of economical transactions the business undertakes.
The shareholder contract is also known and called as the stockholders agreement in United states; it needs to be controlled by the lawyer of attorney who is responsible for specialist in business and corporate law as it involves the complications from financial and legality. And the other problems settled down by the lawyer of corporate law might possibly be the dispute declaration by the constitutional documents, arbitration, and mechanism for depriving them of the minority shareholders.
The lawyer of the business and corporate law can be the cause for fulfillment of the corporation compliance in harmony to prevailing regulations and rules mandated by your law. It aids the business does its activities of business not having the conflict with current policies established by government that could cause typically the some issues in future like civil or criminal penalties or punishments, when a government rules are not completely fulfilled.
The commercial litigation
It is maybe one main responsibility which a law firm of business law can have on the shoulder; it involves settling down the bosses problems and legal controversies. Some of the problems controlled by the bosses lawyers under the commercial proceedings are breaches of the agreement, a job disputes, class actions, breach of the fiduciary duty, business dissolution and then the debt collection,
After acquiring a degree in criminal justice, many people tend to have a mentality of relying on getting jobs in government agencies not knowing that there are many other places where they can get jobs. Actually, even in the government there are different departments whereby the graduates can get jobs. Since nowadays many careers have been interrelated, other industries apart from the judiciary and law enforcement agencies are employing criminal justice graduates.
You can get a job in almost every department in the government as long as you have a degree in criminal justice. Most of these openings are in immigration and customs, treasury, corrections and the law enforcement agencies. Since a majority of countries have a number of law enforcement agencies with the US which have many independent agencies which end up being good potential employers. In these places graduates are able to get well paying jobs in supervisory levels which enhances their living standards.
The other sector that largely employs criminal justice degree graduates apart from the government is the security firms. This is especially because of the nature of their work which really requires someone who is familiar with the law. The graduates are employed as managers or supervisors in order to give a direction and a guide to the other employees in the company.
With a degree in criminal justice you can also opt to go into private business. Here you can become a private investigator or consultant. Through the private sector you are able to lead a good life with good returns. This is especially so because a lot of people in the private sector do not have degrees in criminal justice, therefore your opportunities to thrive in the business are highly increased.
The demand for graduates with criminal justice degrees is very high, which means that if you can be able to pursue a degree or advance your qualifications then you should do so seriously. There is also flexibility when undertaking a degree in criminal justice which is another good thing.
You can also pursue your degree in criminal justice online. This option is being offered by a majority of international institutions which creates more flexibility as one is able to integrate their course with their other daily duties. This works well for busy people and you it also enables them to do their studies at their most convenient time. Online learning is also affordable and you can be able to enroll in the best institutions in the world that may be far from where you are.
Advancing your qualifications to an even higher level such as the master’s and doctorate will also increase your career opportunities. With these qualifications you can get jobs in academics such as teaching and writing. Advancing your qualifications at these levels can also be done online. Now having the knowledge of where you can get a job when you get a degree in criminal justice, you should then take the next step and enroll.
A lawyer is actually someone who has a rightly detailed familiarity with the law along with who has encounter and skill in defending client essential and talking in front of some sort of judge and even jury. If you find yourself in court at all, or in a position where you intend to have someone to legal and to click charges, negotiate a divorce or get yourself using a contract, you will need to make sure that youve the best barristers on your side.
Without lawyers i am basically sitting ducks from a court of law and also any official dispute. A lot of us will have hardly any knowledge of the small print of the laws, of the workings or of the various loopholes. This means that other sorts of can use most of these against individuals unless weve lawyers to guard us, therefore means that our company is unable to employ them ourselves even when they might are actually able to allow us to win each of our case.
Consequently in short while using best lawyers is a huge expense that can help everyone in many ways . . . whether it really helps you to get out of an unpleasant contract, whether or not it helps you to boost your working circumstances, whether it really helps you to keep your property in a divorce, or regardless of whether helps you to offer the legal rights concerning your work or even intellectual residence. In any case you can save yourself a sums of money and headache and this ensures that it is above worth hanging out and money up front now around hiring a good lawyer.
But with so many solicitors out there, how can you go about locating the optimal lawyers? How will you recognize these people when you find them to be?
Well due to the internet we certainly have access to a large range of legal businesses and barristers from the comfort of our entry rooms. This allows us towards browse the online sites of many different legal authorities and to do a comparison of the best lawyer s and even law firms directly.
When doing a search online, you should to start with look for law offices that will deal specifically with all your area of the law. If you are within legal differences with your employers, then you will could do with an employment legal practitioner for instance, and if youre going through separation then you will advantages most from divorce lawyers.
The reason for it is that solicitors that concentrate will have considerably more intricate know-how regarding the community you are interested in. They can know more for the loopholes, more of the rules, and more with the case pasts that relate for your requirements. If you used a general lawyer or attorney then they will have good breadth of knowledge, however would fully understand relatively little about equally topic when compared to specialists.
Then look around the internet site of the law firms to ascertain a few of the best lawyers. Look for internet sites that are beautiful and that look professional, and be cautious of whatever is negatively designed. Similarly look for fine testimonials, and be certain to speak with any lawyers personally on the phone wish.
The concept of justice in Islam stems directly from God’s criterion of justice. It is related to the belief that God is All Just and All Equitable. He is the immediate and ultimate Justice. His justice consists in His divine will and divine judgment. He lays the laws of justice and rules according to these laws. The divine justice applies in this worldly life as well as on the Day of Judgment. On the Day of Judgment the divine criterion for ruling and judging among humans is laid down making everyone arbitrator for his or her own deeds.
The Qur’an informs us: ‘ And thy God does not administer injustice to (His) servants.’ Also. ‘Indeed God does not do them (humans) injustice but they do injustice to themselves.’
God commands justice, its administration and conditions:’ Verily God commands justice.’ And,’ If you judge among poeple that you judge with justice and equity.’ Justice is considered in Islam as part of piety and is associated with fear of God: ‘ Be just for it is nearer to piety and (expresses)fear of God.’ Fear of, love of and being pious to God are the basic principles of belief and Islam. Even though the person concerned with the subject of judgment is one of kin justice must administered.
Islam commands Muslims that if they are called upon to judge amongst themselves that they should judge with justice. A judiciary system exists in Islam and all judges must rule justly among different parties Muslims or non-Muslims.
However, Islam makes it clear that injustice in its ultimate snse and application is not only concerned its legal judgment and legal administration but also in terms of social justice and social equity. Muslims are commanded to pays alms, give in charity and maintain a balanced wealth distribution. It is also incumbent on all Muslims, as part of their socio-economic relations to be eqaul among themselves. In fact the first principle of Islam in the man-God relationship is that all humans are equal before God.
The criterion of justice and injustice vis-a-vis God is depicted in Islam in terms of belief and disbelief. Disbelief in God and the Day of Judgment, are considered as the greatest injustice man can even do. Injustice here is defined in terms of rejection of truth, for truth and justice are equal since one leads to the other. What is true is that God, the one and only, exists and denial or rejection of such truth renders humans to be unjust. For there is nothing worse then denying truth.
Thus, disbelief is denial of truth, according to islam, and hence the disbeliever commits an act of injustice. Injustice in this respect is ultimate and at its utmost for denial of God is denial of ultimate real truth. Thus, the disbelievers is considered as unjust and he merits punishment for his injustice committed against God, it is hell fire for ever. here the disbeliever has committed injustice against his own self and not against someone else. For God, man’s own injustice against himself does not profit God anything, nor harm God in anything, but its meed returns against its owner.
On the other, if a person decides to believe in God and the Day of Judgment, this person has demonstrated the highest form of justice to the truth which is God, and hos belief in truth would earn him the ultimate reward of doing justice to himself and merits eternal felicity in the Hereafter. In the Qur’an we are informed: ‘ And who is mor unjust than the one who belies the signs of God and then turn away from it?’ The ancient peoples are quoted as example of this injustice to God, the people of Noah, the people of Abaraham, the Phraohs, the Medyanites, the people of Lot.
Those who deny God, or take other gods beside God and asscociate with God, idols, humans or other things in worship, they are aslo, according to Islam, committing injustice to God, for He is one and only, eternal, indivisible, He does not beget and is not begotten, all powerful, all omnipresent and all mighty and He is the origin and end of everything and the finality of everything.
Therefore, man himself is provided with the sense of justice within his own system, inborn and well installed in his soul, heart and mind. Man becomes responsible for his own thoughts, feelings and actions according to the criterion laid down by the divine law. The divine law in Islam is congruent with the natural law. Such criterion of justice is laid down also in the Scriptures.